Valentines day

Valentines day

The history of Valentine's Day is abstruse, and further clouded by various imaginative legends. The holiday's roots are in the ancient Roman carnival of Lupercalia, a virility celebration commemorated annually on Feb 15. Pope Gelasius recast this pagan carnival as a Christian banquet day circa 496, declaring Feb 14 to be St. Valentine's Day.
Which St. Valentine this advance pope intended to privilege remains a mystery  according to the Catholic Encyclopedia, there were at least three early Christian saints by that name. First one was a priest in Rome, next a bishop in Terni, and of a third St. Valentine almost nothing is known omit that he met his conclude in Africa. Rather astonishingly, all three Valentines were said to have been martyred on February 14.

Most scholars trust that the St. Valentine of the holiday was a priest who dazzle the disfavor of Roman emperor Claudius II around 270. At this stage, the factual ends and the mythic starts. According to one genius, Claudius II had banned marriage for young men, asserts that bachelors made superior soldiers. Valentine continued to quietly perform marriage ceremonies but was eventually comprehend by the Romans and put to death. Another genius has it that Valentine, incarcerate by Claudius, fell in love with the daughter of his jailer. Before he was accomplished, he reputedly sent her a message signed "from your Valentine." Probably the most believable story surrounding St. Valentine is one not observant on Eros (intense love) but on agape (Christian love): he was martyred for decline to renounce his religion.

In 1969, the Catholic Church reconsidered its ceremonial calendar, removing the banquet days of saints whose historical origins were doubtful. St. Valentine was one of the victims.
It was not until the Fourteenth century that this Christian banquet day became definitively associated with love.

In 1381, Chaucer untroubled a poem in honor of the commitment between England's Richard II and Anne of Bohemia. As was the poetic tradition, Chaucer associated the occasion with a banquet day. In "The Parliament of Fowls," the royal commitment, the mating season of birds, and St. Valentine's Day are linked.
Over the centuries, the holiday developed, and by the 18th century, gift-giving and interchange handmade cards on Valentine's Day had become common in England. Hand made valentine cards made of lace and featuring cupids and hearts eventually expand to the American colonies. The heritage of Valentine's cards did not become widespread in the United States, however, until the 1850's, when Esther A. Howland, a Mount Holyoke graduate and native of Worcester, Mass, began mass producing them. Today,the holiday has become a booming trading success. According to the Greeting Card Association, 25% of cards sent each year are valentines.

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